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By Edward S. Flemming

This e-book presents proof for the significance of auditory homes of speech sounds in phonology.

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Extra info for Auditory Representations in Phonology (Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics)

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However, when carrying out keyword analysis, we often have to be somewhat opportunistic when a good comparative corpus is not forthcoming. Keywords and their uses are examined in more detail in Chapters 3, 4 and 6. Dispersion The analytical procedures we have discussed so far have focused on frequency and saliency. However, there is a third factor which corpus linguists need to take into account: consistency. A linguistic item may occur often in a corpus (frequency), it may occur more often in a corpus than we would normally expect it to occur, especially when we carry out comparisons with other corpora (saliency), but we may also want to know whether it is evenly distributed throughout a corpus, or whether it is simply a very frequent and/or salient aspect in a single file or due to an idiosyncratic speaker (consistency).

Concordance A concordance is a table of all of the occurrences of a linguistic item in a corpus, presented within their linguistic contexts (usually a few words to a few lines either side of the linguistic item). Concordances are an important aspect of corpus linguistics in that they allow qualitative analyses to be carried out on corpus data, letting the researcher explore individual cases in detail. Concordance analyses are normally essential before we can make a claim about language variation or change based on frequency (see the example of greetings discussed in Chapter 2).

However, the former may be more restrictive in identifying collocation. Using the BNC, counting within a span of −3 to 13 and staying within a single sentence, we find the most frequent full-word collocates of story are the, of, a, in, is, to and and. ), rather than lexical words (nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs) that may be more interesting. While grammatical collocates are useful for identifying grammatical patterns, such collocates are normally always frequent – any noun is likely to have similar high-frequency collocates.

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