Download Atomic and Quantum Physics: An Introduction to the by Professor Dr. Dr. h. c. Hermann Haken, Professor Dr. Hans PDF

By Professor Dr. Dr. h. c. Hermann Haken, Professor Dr. Hans Christoph Wolf (auth.)

Atomic physics and its underlying quantum conception are the purpose of departure for lots of glossy components of physics, astrophysics, chemistry, biology, or even electric engineering. This textbook offers a cautious and eminently readable creation to the consequences and strategies of empirical atomic physics. the scholar will collect the instruments of quantum physics and while find out about the interaction among test and concept. A bankruptcy at the quantum idea of the chemical bond offers the reader with an advent to molecular physics. lots of difficulties are given to clarify the cloth. The authors additionally talk about laser physics and nonlinear spectroscopy, incorporating newest experimental effects and exhibiting their relevance to simple learn. additional goods within the moment version contain recommendations to the workouts, derivations of the relativistic Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations, a close theoretical derivation of the Lamb shift, a dialogue of latest advancements within the spectroscopy of internal shells, and new functions of NMR spectroscopy, for example tomography.

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Additional resources for Atomic and Quantum Physics: An Introduction to the Fundamentals of Experiment and Theory

Example text

The oldest and most easily understood method is the parabola method of Thomson (1913). An ion beam from a gas discharge passes through the electric field of a condenser and a magnetic fieldB which is oriented parallel to the electric field (Fig. 2). In the plane of observation, particles of the same charge and mass, but having different velocities v, are distributed along a parabola whose origin is in the point where the undeflected beam would pass. This can be shown in the following manner: The homogeneous electric field E, which is applied in the y direction, causes a deflection in this direction.

A focussing mass spectrograph as designed by Aston. The points 1, 2, and 3 denote the points at which three types of particles with three different values of m/e are collected B Fig. 5. Directional focussing in a magnetic sector field, schematically illustrated. 2 Mass Spectroscopy 31 Fig. 6. 0628. The picture was made with the double-focussing mass spectrometer of Mattauch and coworkers [from W. Finkelnburg: Einfiihrung in die Atomphysik, 11, 12th ed . (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 1976) Fig.

Naturforsch. 12a, 983 (1957). The solid curves are again lines of equal electron density 2. The Mass and Size of the Atom 20 It should therefore not be surprising that the values of atomic radii measured by the various methods deviate somewhat from each other - the order of magnitude is, however, always the same - a few Angstroms. 2 shows a comparison of the measured values. 2. 6 Can Individual Atoms Be Seen? The resolving power of a microscope is defined as the smallest spacing between two structures in an object which can still be imaged separately.

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